Using Finalizers

Finalizers allow controllers to implement asynchronous pre-delete hooks. Let’s say you create an external resource (such as a storage bucket) for each object of your API type, and you want to delete the associated external resource on object’s deletion from Kubernetes, you can use a finalizer to do that.

You can read more about the finalizers in the Kubernetes reference docs. The section below demonstrates how to register and trigger pre-delete hooks in the Reconcile method of a controller.

The key point to note is that a finalizer causes “delete” on the object to become an “update” to set deletion timestamp. Presence of deletion timestamp on the object indicates that it is being deleted. Otherwise, without finalizers, a delete shows up as a reconcile where the object is missing from the cache.

Highlights:

  • If the object is not being deleted and does not have the finalizer registered, then add the finalizer and update the object in Kubernetes.
  • If object is being deleted and the finalizer is still present in finalizers list, then execute the pre-delete logic and remove the finalizer and update the object.
  • Ensure that the pre-delete logic is idempotent.
../../cronjob-tutorial/testdata/finalizer_example.go
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Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

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Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Imports

First, we start out with some standard imports. As before, we need the core controller-runtime library, as well as the client package, and the package for our API types.

package controllers

import (
	"context"

	"github.com/go-logr/logr"
	ctrl "sigs.k8s.io/controller-runtime"
	"sigs.k8s.io/controller-runtime/pkg/client"

	batchv1 "tutorial.kubebuilder.io/project/api/v1"
)

The code snippet below shows skeleton code for implementing a finalizer.

func (r *CronJobReconciler) Reconcile(req ctrl.Request) (ctrl.Result, error) {
	ctx := context.Background()
	log := r.Log.WithValues("cronjob", req.NamespacedName)

	var cronJob batch.CronJob
	if err := r.Get(ctx, req.NamespacedName, &cronJob); err != nil {
		log.Error(err, "unable to fetch CronJob")
		// we'll ignore not-found errors, since they can't be fixed by an immediate
		// requeue (we'll need to wait for a new notification), and we can get them
		// on deleted requests.
		return ctrl.Result{}, ignoreNotFound(err)
	}

	// name of our custom finalizer
	myFinalizerName := "storage.finalizers.tutorial.kubebuilder.io"

	// examine DeletionTimestamp to determine if object is under deletion
	if cronJob.ObjectMeta.DeletionTimestamp.IsZero() {
		// The object is not being deleted, so if it does not have our finalizer,
		// then lets add the finalizer and update the object. This is equivalent
		// registering our finalizer.
		if !containsString(cronJob.ObjectMeta.Finalizers, myFinalizerName) {
			cronJob.ObjectMeta.Finalizers = append(cronJob.ObjectMeta.Finalizers, myFinalizerName)
			if err := r.Update(context.Background(), cronJob); err != nil {
				return ctrl.Result{}, err
			}
		}
	} else {
		// The object is being deleted
		if containsString(cronJob.ObjectMeta.Finalizers, myFinalizerName) {
			// our finalizer is present, so lets handle any external dependency
			if err := r.deleteExternalResources(cronJob); err != nil {
				// if fail to delete the external dependency here, return with error
				// so that it can be retried
				return ctrl.Result{}, err
			}

			// remove our finalizer from the list and update it.
			cronJob.ObjectMeta.Finalizers = removeString(cronJob.ObjectMeta.Finalizers, myFinalizerName)
			if err := r.Update(context.Background(), cronJob); err != nil {
				return ctrl.Result{}, err
			}
		}

		return ctrl.Result{}, err
	}

	// rest of the reconciler code
}

func (r *Reconciler) deleteExternalResources(cronJob *batch.CronJob) error {
	//
	// delete any external resources associated with the cronJob
	//
	// Ensure that delete implementation is idempotent and safe to invoke
	// multiple types for same object.
}

// Helper functions to check and remove string from a slice of strings.
func containsString(slice []string, s string) bool {
	for _, item := range slice {
		if item == s {
			return true
		}
	}
	return false
}

func removeString(slice []string, s string) (result []string) {
	for _, item := range slice {
		if item == s {
			continue
		}
		result = append(result, item)
	}
	return
}